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College of Veterinary Medicine

Scholars' Reports
留学生活报告

Every year, the Scholars in the U.S.-China Joint DVM Scholarship Program report their life and learning experiences from their study in the U.S.  All of their stories have shown the progress of their personal growths.  You can click on a student’s name to read his/her story.
中美联合执业兽医教育奖学金项目的学生每年汇报他们在美国的学习和生活体会。 他们的故事展现了他们成长的过程。 通过点击学生的名字, 你可阅读他们的故事。

Class of 2017
2017 届

Second Year Life at College of Veterinary Medicine 
在兽医学院第二年的学习和生活

Yi Ding丁一
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota明尼苏达大学兽医学院

I am feeling very happy to successfully complete the first year’s study in the veterinary school at University of Minnesota. Even though the scores are not coming out until now, I think I was doing well and the scores will be as good as last semester. After this year’s highly intense and demanding study, I started to have a general idea of how the medicine looks like. As we had critical thinking classes during this semester, reading those scientific papers helps me understanding the relationship between the basic scientific research and more applicable medicine. Also, the first year’s study makes me clear the problem existed in our veterinary education.

First of all, we don't have doctorate degree in veterinary medicine in China. Students can start medicine practice right after 5 year’s undergraduate study. In contrast, students in American are required to take 4 year’s undergraduate study and 4 year’s graduate study. Some of the practices even require student have 3 more year hands-on experience. Many people know general differences between the American and Chinese veterinary education system, but there is still a lot of misunderstanding. Some thinks that it is a waste of time to spend more years for studying almost the same contents. Also, from the names of classes I have learned this year, which are Anatomy/Radiology/Embryology, Biochemistry/Nutrition/Genetics, Physiology, Clinic skills, microscopic anatomy, as well as immunology and pathology, they look the same as what we have learned in China. Even though there are robust communications between Chinese and American veterinarians, they can only see the difference in facilities and instruments. However, It is the knowledge that matters and it takes years to really master that the knowledge. In my points of view, graduate students know the mechanisms of diseases’ pathogenesis at the genetic level and could solve problem by using principles. In contrast, the undergraduate students only have general knowledge in common problems that take place in food animal industry. In fact, the diseases are usually complex and have various manifestations. Without solid knowledge in basic principles, it is easy to make a wrong diagnosis.

The second problem is that we don't have a good system to promote the development of clinical medicine. Currently, Chinese education system focuses mainly on basic research. Few teachers spent time summarizing research results and apply them into practice. Also, applicable medicine also helps to provide ideas for beginning a new research area. For example, through some studies, researchers find that patients with cancer have a higher survival rate if they also have diabetes mellitus. These findings give researcher clues and started to investigate how to intervene metabolism to affect tumor growth. Through more communication with teachers in vet school, I know that many of the teachers only teach classes and don't need to do research. Some teachers are experienced doctors from animal hospital of the university. They would come and lecture some case studies, which greatly help us understand how to apply knowledge to practice.

Lastly, the vet schools have their own farms. As most of the private farm usually doesn’t allow people freely enter the farm in order to control diseases. These farms are not profit oriented and give students a great chance to have hands-on experience corresponding with lecture study throughout the whole school year. In China even we had an on-farm internship at the last school year, many students didn't learn much since there was no teacher out there in the farm to give instruction.

Even though our veterinarian education has a lot of problems, I am very confident that it will improve rapidly in the future when we have highly intensified agriculture industry since the animal science industry is very important basis for the veterinarian education.

第一年的兽医学院的学习终于结束了,非常高兴我能够顺利的完成学业并取得不错的成绩。虽然这个学期的成绩还没有完全出来,但是目前来看成绩应该不会比上个学期要差。这一个学期的学习紧张而充实,通过这一个学期的学习,我逐渐对医学有了一个大致的了解,同时由于这个学期我们还开设了阅读文献的课程,在阅读文献的过程中,我对基础研究和医学应用的关系也有了更深入的理解,也更清楚了我们国家目前兽医教育的一些问题。

首先是我们国家没有兽医医学的博士教育,国内学习5年的本科就能够行医,而在国外需要4年的本科和4年的医学博士的学习,加上3年的临床实践才能行医。目前很多人都知道两个教育系统的不同,但是也存在很多的误解,有的人认为学习的内容相差不大,没有必要花费那么长的时间去进行医学博士的学习,而且从表面上看,我们第一年的课程包括解剖/影像学/胚胎发育学,生化/营养/遗传,生理, 临床技能,微观解剖,病理,免疫等,感觉和国内的内容不会差别太大。虽然我们国家对外有相互的交流,但是往往只能看到表面上的一些仪器和设备,而真正学习的知识需要大量的时间,这些更重要的知识往往在一般的交流中无法深入的了解。就我看来,医学博士的课程往往在对疾病的理解更加深入,从基因和本质上理解疾病的发病原因,运用一系列的理论来解决问题。而本科所学的相对比较浅显,往往只知道一些畜牧兽医生产过程中的一些常见的问题和解决方法。但是,临床的疾病千变万化,没有理论作为基础,仅仅靠经验会得到错误的诊断结果。

第二方面是我们国家没有促进临床发展的良好的评价体系。国内往往过于追求基础研究的发展和论文的发表,往往忽略了应用,没有人能够把研究的成果进行总结并运用到实践中去。而且,一些理论研究的思路很多也源自于一些临床的现象,例如通过一些关联性分析,发现糖尿病患者患肿瘤时存活率相对较高,从而开启了对肿瘤代谢得研究。在和国外的老师的交流的过程中,我了解到美国医学院的很多老师专职教书,并没有科研的任务,一些老师是学校附属医院的医生,经验十分丰富,在对一些病例分析的时候往往深入潜出,让我们能够对疾病有整体的了解。

最后一方面是国内的学校对实践的投入不大,在美国的兽医学院均有自己的牛场,马场,猪场等实习的农场。因为私人的农场往往十分封闭,不允许随便进入以防止疾病的传播,这些小规模的学校农场并不以利润为主要目标,给学生提供了宝贵的学习机会。在农场也有学校的老师对学生进行讲解。然而在国内的最后一年的学习中,很多国内的学生在农场实习时没有老师的指导,往往不能获得太多的知识。

不过,虽然国内的兽医教育还没有国外发展的好,但是这是由于我们国家仍然处于发展中国家。农业远没有像发达国家那样高度机械化和集约化,能够促进兽医医学的发展。我想,在了解了不同之后,我们更能够快速改进。

Jing Li李靖
College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院

This semester is a very important period in the four year veterinary study. We learnt critical core veterinary courses such as Veterinary Immunology and Veterinary Epidemiology, and we were more familiar to deal with all the study work. Although very busy all the time, we felt happy and enriched. With the care and guidance under US-China Animal Health Center, China Scholarship Council, Chinese Consulate in Chicago, and College of Veterinary Medicine at KSU, we successfully reach the end of the first year.

I got good performance in the finals, with most of my curriculums being A. The practical knowledge is much emphasized here in vet school of KSU. There are many clinical cases and skills taught during instructions of the theories, which are more integrated and more difficult. For example, we studied both the essential theory and many clinical cases in Veterinary Immunology. Among these cases, more than 20 were directly taken from the teaching hospital and were analyzed in depth. These cases were emphasized during instruction and took up most part of the tests and the final. Other curriculums were also taught in the way of combining the theory with practice. This is the most impressive, and beneficial part to me.

Out of class, I also learned a lot from club activities and externships. I continued to be the secretary of Small Ruminant Club, where I participated several field services like ultrasound detection in sheep farm and necropsy of sheep cadavers in pathology laboratory. Also, I picked up other interesting and practical knowledge such as bovine industrial status quo in US and poultry bandage techniques from seminars and lectures out of class. I did my first externship last winter break at Surgi-Care Center for Horses in Florida. My mentor Dr. Leann Kuebelbeck is one of best equine veterinarians in US, the former president of Florida Association of Equine Practitioners. Under her guidance, I observed the management, construction design, and doctor-patient relationship in this very distinguished and professional equine clinic, all of which are extremely in need to China right now. My externship experience was reported by China National Horse Industry Web, which is the official website of China Horse Industry Association.

I have never forgotten to do anything I could for our motherland. First, I participated into the program of founding the certificated veterinarians system by Chinese Veterinary Medical Association. I was responsible to integrate and translate the information of veterinary regulation, veterinary schools application and education system, veterinary medical board examination in the United States. Second, Bo Liu and I posted the map of China under the support of US-China Center for Animal Health, so the Chinese students at KSU vet school next year and afterward will be able to show their home to American friends, while native students have their own map showing where they are from. Last but not least, with the help of Qiuwen Kou, I am also starting to establish our own student organization serving for Chinese students in this program. The mission is to provide a platform for our members to learn from each other, help whoever in need, and build up a communicating bridge between vet and pre-vet students from US and China. We indeed will help new Chinese students acclimate to veterinary education system in the US, and will introduce to our American friends about Chinese veterinary profession and Chinese culture.

一年级的春季学期是兽医课程学习比较重要的一个过渡阶段,在学习内容上,我们学习了兽医免疫学、兽医流行病学等等重要的核心课程;在学习方法上,我们相对于上学期我们更加习惯和适应。虽然每天依旧匆忙,但生活充实且快乐。在美中动物卫生中心、国家留学基金委、芝加哥领事馆以及堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院等等众多领导和老师的关怀和指导之下,我们顺利地结束了第一学年的学习。

在课程学习方面,期末考试中全部都取得了优秀的成绩,大多数科目的成绩为A。 在教学内容方面,堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院注重实践,大量的实际病例和临床实践技能贯穿于理论教学之中,甚至要比理论知识更多更难掌握,而不是简单的传授理论知识。以兽医免疫学为例,除了基本必须掌握的免疫学知识之外,还对大约20多个经典病例进行了详细讲解,这些病例直接来源于堪萨斯州立大学的教学医院,除了这些经典病例之外,在课堂上还另外有大量的实际病例在教学过程中出现,没有任何部分的理论脱离实际例子而出现,并且病例在考试中占有大多数的比重。其他课程也通过不同的方式以理论和实践相结合的方式进行教学,这不仅让我非常赞叹,同时也受益匪浅。

在课余学习生活中, 本学期我继续担任小型反刍动物俱乐部的秘书,这使我获得了到农场进行实地观摩操作羊超声波测孕、在病理实验室进行羊尸体剖检等等宝贵的机会。在积极参与学院举办的各种课外讲座的过程中,我又学到了美国牛兽医行业现状、鸟类外伤包扎等等既有趣又实用的知识和技能。去年寒假在佛罗里达州著名马病诊所Surgi-Care Center for Horse的两周实习,让我可以直接接触并接受美国最一流的马病兽医、前佛罗里达州马业协会主席Dr. Leann Kuebelbeck的指导,并且对我国比较欠缺的马病诊所的管理运营、建筑设计、医患关系等等多方面进行近距离的了解和学习。该实习经历被中国马业协会报道于其官方网站中国国家马业网。

在异国他乡求学的同时我也寻找一切机会回报祖国。本学期在繁忙的学习的同时我也参与到了中国兽医协会的建立执业化兽医体系的项目中,通过在美国的资料查询和实际调查为疾控中心提供了关于美国兽医制度、美国兽医学院申请和教学内容、美国执业化兽医考试流程等等重要信息。在美中动物卫生中心的支持下,我和刘波同学在堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院悬挂指示学生来自何处的美国地图的区域也张贴了中华人民共和国的地图,使得接下来在本兽医学院就读的中国学生可以向美国朋友展示介绍自己家乡的位置。在我和寇秋雯同学发起组织之下,本项目学生自己的学生组织也即将在下一个学年成立,成立之后将会加强我们团队内部的互相学习和进步,对本项目学生提供学习和生活上的帮助,锻炼我们的团队协作能力,并且会成为中美两国兽医和兽医预科学生沟通交流的桥梁,使国内来的同学能够更快的适应美国的兽医学习氛围,同时也使美国朋友更多的了解中国的兽医行业和传统文化,为来此就读的祖国赤子提供另一个温暖的家。

Bo Liu刘波
College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院

The spring semester of 2014 was my time to get used to the intensity of study and how to manage my time and energy properly. Besides of attending lectures and preparing for tests, I worked for the Veterinary Business and Management Association, and helped the Chinese Veterinary Medicine Association with information about American veterinary colleges’ accreditation.

The schedule of this semester is similar to that of last semester with more lectures and less labs. We studies equine, ruminant, swine and avian anatomy from Gross anatomy 2. This is the most interesting class with all the labs and related clinical cases. Physiology 2 is divided into different systems, such as cardiology, pulmonary, renal, and so on. There are many immune disorders illustrated in immunology, which is very helpful for diagnosis and treatment. Epidemiology is more focused on how to practice medicine in a scientific way and consistently be well-informed with the current best clinical research. The only elective I took is neuroscience, which is also very clinical oriented. I have done pretty well in this semester, all the grades are As.

I attended the national annual conference of the American Veterinary Business and Management Association in last winter break. There were many presentations that are very useful to veterinary practitioners, including clinics website construction, salary negotiation techniques, credit building skills and more. With much more women vets nowadays in the profession, a vital issue discussed in one of the presentation is the timing of pregnancy. Although there was not any conclusion, residency is the choice of most women. A successful veterinarian should acquire not only veterinary skills, but also business and management abilities. So the club is very attracting to me and a lot of other students with all the issues we discussed about how to manage a veterinary career.

It is always a pleasure for me to help the communication between China and the U.S. During the spring break, Jason and I helped the Chinese Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) collect and organize information about veterinary industry. The part that I was in charge of is the accreditation of American veterinary colleges, which was quite complicated and hard to explain in Chinese, because we do not have any similar requirements for veterinary colleges. But it deserves hard working, for any improvement of the education system of China veterinary medicine.

2014年的春季学期使我更加适应了兽医学院的学习强度,在下一年的学习中相信可以更加合理地安排自己的时间和精力。这一学期除去平时上课和考试,我还有幸参加兽医经济管理协会,还为中国兽医协会搜集整理了美国兽医学院认证工作的相关信息。

本学期的课程安排与上学期相似,仅实验课有所减少。在上学期解剖学一犬解剖的基础上,解剖学二讲解了马,牛及其他反刍动物,猪和禽类。除了有解剖实验外,课程中还加入了相关的临床病例。生理学二中分别具体讲解了心血管系统,呼吸系统,泌尿系统等的生理功能。免疫课中也加入了许多与免疫相关的病症,实用性很强。相比其他学科,流行病学更注重培养我们行医时的逻辑思维和科学精神,旨在提高学生自我更新知识储备的能力。神经科学是我这一学期唯一的选修课,这门课着重讲神经系统的解剖,生理和临床诊断基础,十分系统实用。我本学期的成绩比较理想,目前已经录入的成绩均为A。

在开学前夕,我参加了兽医经济管理协会在奥兰多举办的全国年会。会上许多演讲者分享了他们行医执业中的经验,其中有如何建立运营动物医院网站,如何提高个人信用度,工资谈判技巧等。鉴于目前女兽医的增加,一位演讲者的论题是:什么时候怀孕最合适?最终,虽然没能给出完美的选择,但是数据显示多数女兽医会选择毕业后的专科实习期。参加这次会议后,我更加希望将来的自己作为一名兽医,不仅要掌握专业知识和技能,更要学习经济和管理上的学问,合理地管理和规划自己的职业生涯。

另外,我和李靖同学在春假期间帮助中国兽医协会搜集整理并翻译了美国兽医行业的几方面信息。我负责了美国兽医学院认证的部分。这项内容虽然复杂且不易翻译,但我乐在其中,也学到了很多知识,希望这些资料可以为完善我国的兽医教育系统做出微薄的贡献。 

Yaoqin Shen沈瑶琴
College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院 

This is my second semester in vet school, and my second year in the USA. Compared to the first semester, it was easier and I feel more adapted. International veterinary students, especially those who grew up in a totally different language and cultural environments such as China, need to confront the language barrier while at the same time overcoming their cultural differences. Obviously, vet school can be frustrating and depressing, but it also supplies us with a chance to challenge ourselves academically. Through collaboration between the native and international classmates, we international students are exposed to America’s environment, culture, language and habits.  At the same time, we have the chance to show them our Chinese culture.

We had gross anatomy, physiology, epidemiology and immunology this semester. My favorite class is gross anatomy. We dissected a pony, a calf, a piglet and a chicken this semester. This was different from last semester because last semester, we needed to focus on every muscle, vessel and nerve. But this semester, we paid more attention to differences between different species. Because this is the second time we had gross anatomy, we all have better skills and better knowledge base compared to first semester. For me, it is much easier to have a professional communication with classmates. Veterinarians always collaborate, especially in surgery, when it is most important. The better we work together as a group, the easier it is for us to accomplish our task. Unlike gross anatomy that is more detailed, physiology is broader. It is also the second time for us to study this subject. In physiology, professors from different fields give lectures about concepts in their own areas of expertise. It gave us the chance to broaden our horizons and gave us more ideas about future career searching.

Collaborating with my classmates inspired me through our experience and enjoyment. The second semester was a relatively relaxing semester for us. In my group, we had more time to share thoughts and help each other, which got us to understand each other better. For us, who have the chance to go abroad to study, it is always important to know the world and let the world get to know us better. The future world is a global world, in fact, it already is. A lot of work needs to be accomplished by cooperation among every country. Just like during surgery, we need to help each other the whole time. Only based on better understanding with each other, it becomes possible for us to achieve our goal.

这是我进入兽医学院第二个学期了,也是我来到美国的第二年。相对于第一学期的兽医学院学习生活,这一学期我更为熟悉也更为熟练。国际生就读于美国兽医学院,尤其是对于第一语言和所生长的文化环境与美国完全不同的学生来说,除了要克服语言上的困难,更需要的是克服文化间的差异和思维模式的不同。兽医学院的学习无疑是充满紧张与压力的,同时也给我们极大的获取知识的机会。在于同学相处的过程之中,一方面让自己融入到对方的生活环境,文化语言以及习俗,另一个方面也可以更好的向他们展现中国学生的风采。

这学期我们开设了解剖、生理、流行病学、免疫学等课程。我最喜欢的是解剖课。我们解剖了马、牛、猪以及家禽内。相对于上学习集中注意力学习每一块肌肉、血管、神经,我们这学期更注重于不同物种之间的对比。由于是第二学期的解剖,想相对于第一学期,我们的解剖技巧和理解能力都好了许多。当然对于我这个第一语言不是英语的国际生来说,在专业术语方面更容易交流了。虽然每一次的进步都是微小的,但是我都会觉得很开心。兽医这个职业很多时候都十分讲究配合,尤其是在临床手术方面,都需要大家很好的协作能力。如果能够更好的融入集体,我们就可以更好的完全所要完成的任务。相对于解剖课的深入细腻,生理课则显得更为博大广远。这学期也是我们第二次学习生理课,第一学期也开设了生理课程。生理课程是由各个领域的专家老师分门别类讲解自己领域的原理以及实际运用。在为我们带来更广阔的眼界的同时更为我们打开了不同的道路用于选择。通过对各个领域的基础了解,我们就可以更好的把握自己所心仪的领域,为以后的事业打好基础。

不仅是在学习上,在于同学的交往过程中我也获得了更多的经验和乐趣。由于已经有了之前一年半的铺垫和适应,这一学对于我来说更为熟稔和轻松。在更好的与小组成员通力合作的之余,也更好的让他们了解我,了解了中华文化。对于我们这些有机会出国深造的学生来说,除了更好的了解国际文化和科技,能让国际更加清晰认识我们了解我们也是一个极其重要的使命。未来的世界是全球一体化的世界,许多重要的任务都需要各国同理协作来完成,就想手术台上各个手术员的相互配合一般。只有在更好的相互了解的基础之上,我们才能更加出色的完成任务。

第一学年的生活已经结束,我们整装等待下一学年的挑战。

 

Class of 2018
2018届

First Year Life at College of Veterinary Medicine
在兽医学院第一年的学习和生活 

Aolei Chen陈奡蕾
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota明尼苏达大学兽医学院

I am still fulfilling prerequisite during Spring 2014, namely, geography, chemistry 2, organic chemistry lab and horse science. I am kind of satisfied with my performance (3A's and a B grade). What impressed me most is the horse science. Before I came to United States, I do not know too much about the horses even though I have taken Horse Diseases in China. For me, horses are just horse-shaped organisms. I do not even have a chance riding a real horse in my hometown. But I have learned about breeds, what coat color controlled by which genes, horse evaluation according to conformation from this horse science class. It is absolutely a challenge for me to take this course although the class content is like common sense for my classmates, who have lots of experience with horses since they were children. Although it takes me more time and energy to learn it, it pays off! Due to the situation where Chinese horse industry is lagging behind the world, I would like to popularize the horse knowledge to the public. As history summarizes, never can an industry success without popular support!

Most of my spare time, I stay in Dr. Weiss's lab, a lab focusing on stem cells. Everything there is novel for me. I have learnt how to do karyotype and observed others inducing stem cells using human umbilical cord or rat umbilical cord as raw materials. I would like to take this opportunity to thank Dr. Mark Weiss for offering this opportunity to explore science!

2013年春季,我主要上的还是预科必修课,有地理,化学2、有机化学实验还有马学课。这学期的成绩总体满意,拿了3个A和1个B。我感受最深的是马学课,在我来到美国之前,在我脑海里,马就是一种马的样子的生物。我对马并没有太多其他的知识。虽然在国内有上过马病课,残留在我脑海里面的就是一些细菌或病毒引起的马病。但是上完了美国这边的马学课,我认识了很多马的品种,马的毛色都是由什么基因控制的,如何从形态结构等其他方面品马和预测马的表现。对我而言,选这门课算是个挑战。课上的其他同学都是从小就跟马接触,或是养马或是家里有牧场。课上的很多知识对他们来说是常识,而对我来说却是全新的。虽然这课难,但对我以后的兽医课程打下了坚实的基础!中国的马业发展相对落后,我希望能科普一下大众。只有群众基础坚实,行业才有更好的发展。

课下,我多数时间呆在干细胞实验室。由于我并没有太多实验室经验,所以在实验室的很多东西对我来说都是新奇的。我在实验室学会了如何做染色体组型的实验。另外平时也会观察其他实验同伴做的实验,如取人或者大鼠的脐带分离纯化间叶细胞,再诱导成干细胞等。

Qiuwen Kou寇秋雯
College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院

Thinking wildly about how a new world would be, I arrived in the US on Aug. 15th, 2013 and started a brand new journey.

I was welcomed at the airport by students of Chinese Students and Scholars Union (CSSU). They picked us up at the local airport and helped us to check our luggage, which made me feel like coming back home. Besides CSSU, there are plenty of student organizations around K-State campus. Each club has affluent activities. I performed several times when I was in my home college in China. However, performing Chinese show in the U.S. is totally a different experience. People are curious about even a small pattern on a common chipao or exciting about a piece of ballad with sweet voice. Only at that time did I realize that the more national, the more global. I’m so proud to be a messenger between China and the U.S. spreading Chinese culture to the world. I have successfully finished one year Pre-Vet program. I got 9 A and 1 B. This grade is excellent among all the undergraduate students in the U.S., but just good for a pre-veterinary student. Since vet school is so competitive here in the U.S., even a straight A student may still not get into his/her dream school. I, fortunately, received all 3 offers from vet schools I have applied, including College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM) at Iowa State University, University of Missouri and Kansas State University. Actually, the whole application procedure helps me to understand more about different vet schools and it also provides a two-way selection for both candidates and the admission committee.

Pre-veterinary medicine is an undergraduate program in the US. Compared with undergraduate study in China, there are more patterns of lectures, such as discussion class with less than 20 students and lectures on the farm with hands-on practice. There are also various types of exam, for example, class presentation, mimic oral test, etc. Accompanied by K-State Online system and Webmail system, communication between instructors and students are more frequently and efficiently. I finally decide to stay at K-State for my DVM program. CVM at Kansas State University is one of the oldest CVMs in the U.S. Besides the highest standards of professional education program, there are also state of the art research and diagnostic facilities for veterinary medicine. Manhattan, KS, is also the future home of the National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility (NBAF). I’m eager to grasp the advanced principles and technologies of veterinary medicine during my DVM program in the U.S., and practice them when I go back to China.

I appreciate all the support provided by China Scholarship Council and Kansas State University for our Prevet-DVM program. This one year acclimation helps me to be in good shape for the coming doctoral program.

怀着忐忑的心情,带着对新大陆的各种憧憬,2013年8月15日,我第一次踏上了美利坚的土地,开始了一段新的旅程。

首先迎接我们的是中国学生联合会的同学们。他们全天候在机场接机,帮忙查找行李,让我们这些初来乍到的新生第一次有了家的感觉。堪萨斯州立大学有丰富的社团组织,每个社团都有丰富多彩的活动。我在国内经常参加学校的演出,然而,在美国表演中国节目却是完全另外一番感触。观众们会对着一件旗袍端详许久,也会为一段民歌小调兴奋不已。正所谓,民族的才是世界的。我为自己能成为中美文化交流的使者,能向国际友人传播中国文化而感到骄傲!我已经圆满完成兽医预科的全部课程,其中9门课程成绩为A,1门为B。这样的成绩在美国的本科生中可以算优秀,但在美国兽医预科学生中却是非常普通的。美国的兽医学院竞争异常激烈,即使是全A的学生也不一定能申请到心仪的学校。我有幸被申请的三所大学,爱荷华州立大学,密苏里大学,以及堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院,同时录取。整个申请过程让我对美国的兽医学院有了更多的了解,也提供给学生和学校一个双向选择的机会。

兽医预科在美国是本科课程,相较国内的本科教学,这里的授课形式更加丰富,例如20人以内的小班讨论课,在农场进行的实践课等。课程考察机制也更多样,比如课堂演讲、情景模拟口试等。在网上教学系统和邮件系统的支持下,学生和老师们可以更有效地沟通,这有助于更好地理解和掌握知识。我最终决定留在堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院完成兽医博士项目。堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院是北美历史最悠久的兽医学院之一,除了高水平的临床兽医课程外,这里还有国际领先的兽医学研究及诊断机构,也是美​国​国​家​生​物​与​农​业​防​卫​所​(​N​B​A​F​)未来的家。​我希望通过兽医博士项目的学习,掌握更多兽医学最先进的理念和技术,并将它们带回中国去实践。

感谢中国国家留学基金委与堪萨斯州立大学对兽医博士项目的支持,让我更好地适应了美国的学习与生活,为即将开始的博士课程做好了准备。


Class of 2019
2019届

The Pre-vet Life at KSU
在堪萨斯州立大学兽医预科的学习和生活

Chiyu Guan
管迟瑜

The end of the semester symbolizes the end of my prevet year in KSU. With the great help from CSC and KSU, I completed my prevet study and am ready to continue my DVM study in KSU. My experience this semester is as follows

l  Academy

  • Swine Science

Swine industry is fairly important in China as we produce the most and consume the most. Before the semester began, I read some related books about swine science to familiarize myself with the new words about the industry, considering that I have limited background about it. It turned out to be quite effective. The instructor for the class is also my advisor, Dr. Goodband, who stroke me with his humorous teaching style. Also, one day, he gave a vivid presentation about how the pig flow works by using about 30 piggy toys, arranging them on the ground, moving them among virtual breeding/gestation barn, farrowing barn, nursery, and finishing barn. This serves as a good example for me to become a teacher back in China.

  • Intro. to Entrepreneurship

Initially, I expected to learn some basics in business, so I may apply them for the management of a pet clinic. But what I truly learned from this course is an entrepreneurial mindset. Seize an opportunity and pursue it. Though the exams didn’t go very well, I benefit a lot from the course. I learnt how to evaluate my risks, how to develop my team, how to understand my failure and success. Besides, the guest lecture speakers gave us several great speeches by sharing their life experience with us.

  • Dairy / Poultry Lab

The first part the course is Dairy lab, which covers broadly about different aspects of the industry including the development of the dairy, how to evaluate milk, genetics selection, feed management, reproduction management and dairy product processing.

The Poultry lab is similar to the Dairy lab, but given by a different professor, who added great fun to the class. After I learned how to judge the quality of the eggs, how to differentiate unfertilized eggs from the fertilized ones, the structure of the eggs, the nutrients in the eggs and their application in other fields and the combined producing system of cattle and poultry, I felt deeply that how the industry is closely related to our lives.

  • Companion Animals / Equine Lab

The first part of the course is about companion animals. To my surprise, there is still so much to learn in this class, like breeds and groups of canine and feline, nutrition of companion animals, service and therapy animals, diseases and ailments of pets, training, pet problems and trends in the future.

For a person with zero experience with the horses, the equine lab taught me a lot about the identification of the horses, the breeds and uses, feed management, diseases and handling of the horses.

l  Profession Related Extracurricular Activities

  • Herp

I continued my volunteering to take care of exotic animals this semester, hoping I can do more after I enter the vet school.

  • Volunteering in the Histopathology Lab

I observed the systemic necropsy of pigs, dogs, a horse and cattle by the fourth-year vet students and the whole process of making the sections in the lab, which is quite automatic. 

  • LAR

I took care of a seven-month-old cattle with my partner for nearly one month in order to show the cattle later. During the process, I learned about the cattle’s behavior and communicated a lot with my partner. During the showing day, our stubborn cattle turned around a lot, tried to rush a lot, but the cleanness was recognized by the judge. Even someone in the dairy club admired our effort for “handling” such a tough cattle for such a long time.

l  Other Activities

  • International Student Welcome Ambassador

After an interview last semester, I was so excited about my first American job. In the two weeks before the semester began, we four ISWA worked together to welcome the incoming international students, guide them to the orientation and various activities prepared for them. In this valuable working experience, I improved my English speaking, organizing, team work coordinating and met friends from all over the world.

  • The 6th Year of K-State Launch Competition

The launch is a business plan competition required by my entrepreneurship class. Totally out of my expectation, my business plan for the bowl I designed for the toddlers was chosen as one of the finalists. So I got the opportunity to give my presentation in the alumni center for something totally out of my profession, which was pretty interesting for me.

  • BLT

I signed up for the Japanese Basic Language Training class where I used my second my language—English to learn a third language—Japanese. Through the course, I also learned some Japanese cultures and made some love-learning-Japanese friends. 

One-year-long preVet well adapted me to the study and life here, preparing me for the DVM courses coming soon. 

本学期转瞬即逝,一年的兽医预科已然结束。在国家留学基金委和堪萨斯州立大学众多老师和工作人员的帮助下,我顺利地完成了预科阶段,并将进入堪萨斯州立大学兽医学院就读DVM课程。

一、课程学习
本学期我学习的课程包括猪科学、创业论导论、奶牛/家禽导论、伴侣动物/马导论。

1. 猪科学

养猪业在中国畜牧经济中的地位自不必说,无论是在养殖生产还是肉品消费方面,中国都占据了世界总量的半壁江山。故而在得知这门课在本学期开设时,我就抱着高昂地学习热情,虽然在国内,对猪的疾病诊断有些实验检验的相关经验,但我对猪的生产实践却是一窍不通,所以我事先阅读了一些相关材料,熟悉常用的英语专业词汇,这些帮助我在学期开始后更轻松地学习这门课。

课上让我感到惊讶的是,为了帮助我们更好地理解猪场内猪群的流动,老师用了将近30只小猪玩偶,趴在地上摆弄了20分钟,向我们生动地演示了猪群在保育舍、育成舍、配种/怀孕舍、分娩舍的流动、更替及何时进入市场。这种生动的教学方式对我今后归国执教颇有启迪。

2. 创业论导论

选这门课的初衷是为了在将来的兽医院管理中积累基础知识,比如人力资源、理财等,毕竟仅仅只有专业知识是不足以运营一个动物医院的,产业需要复合型人才。其次,创业创新并不仅只个人创办企业,它其实是一种求新的意识,把握商机,抓住市场需求,满足消费者的需要,在我看来,无论是干哪一行,这个道理是共通的。但俗语说得好,隔行如隔山……在第一次测验拿了C之后,我火急火燎地约了老师给我讲解,在发现他讲的知识点其实我都懂,题目都错在一些“灰色区域”和题意的抽象表达上后,我无奈地走出了办公室。作为一个学理科的学生,我更易接受直接明了的表达,对于商科的委婉表达比较木讷。即使如此,我觉得无论是这门课的内容还是老师的课堂讲解都让我受益匪浅。比如对机会的把握,对风险的评估,如何建立自己的团队,了解财政报告等。此外,老师还邀请了几位成功的校友分享他们的失败和成功,并以他自己的人生经历教育了我们宝贵的一课。

3. 奶牛/家禽导论

这门课的设置为一半课程学习奶牛产业,一半课程学习家禽产业。首先是奶牛业,与上学期所学的奶牛管理不同,这门课涉及的面广,但没有奶牛管理那么细致,六章的内容概述了奶牛业发展、奶牛评估标准、参观校内奶牛场、奶牛筛选、饲料管理、繁殖管理、挤奶设备和奶产品加工等, 学习之后,我对整个奶牛业的各个环节有了初步的了解。

家禽导论与奶牛课相似,但在我看来,由于Dr. Beyer浓烈的个人教学风格,课程的趣味性颇高。在这门课上,我深深体会到动物生产行业和我们生活的紧密性,我学到了如何判断鸡蛋的质量,如何判断受精鸡蛋和非受精鸡蛋,鸡蛋的结构以及各营养成分含量及用途,肉鸡养殖至深加工大概过程及肉牛和家禽共同养殖等。

4. 伴侣动物/马导论

这门课的设置为一半课程学习伴侣动物,一半课程学习马业。首先是伴侣动物部分的内容,Beyer教授授课风趣幽默,并且语速惊人……称得上是目前为止我见过说话最快的美国人……课下我跟老师进行了一些沟通,不明白的地方赶紧课下问懂。作为导论课程,这老师向我们介绍了行业概况、犬猫种类识别、未来趋势、犬猫基本特性和行为、犬猫营养、服务和治疗性犬的应用、常见犬猫疾病、犬的训练。虽然在国内接触伴侣动物较多,但这门课还是让我常常感叹自己缺乏对犬猫的基本认识。

在国内对马零接触的我在马导论这门课上收获颇丰,对马的描述、品种、用途、常见疾病、饲料管理、接近和日常管理等有了大致的了解。

二、专业相关活动

1. Herp 本学期依然在奇异动物饲养室做志愿者,希望在进入兽医学院后对这方面有更深入地了解。

2.组织病理实验室见习 主要是观察兽医四年级学生对送检动物的系统解剖,包括胎牛、犬、猪、马等,以及切片制作及读片的整个过程。

3. LAR 在与我拍档共同照顾、训练一头7个月大奶牛的1个多月里,我学到了很多奶牛行为学,与美国搭档也有很多交流。之后在展示牛时,虽然我们的牛完全不配合,试图转圈,猛然快跑等,但我们给牛洗澡的干净程度受到了裁判的好评。即使是奶牛俱乐部的资深成员也为我们能够“驾驭”如此倔强的奶牛而感到骄傲。 

三、课外活动

1.迎新生大使 在上学期面试之后,我有幸得到这份让我兴奋非常的第一份美式工作。在开学前两周,我与其他四位大使共同迎接远道而来的春季国际生。在这期间团队内的调剂与磨合,国际生初来乍到的各种问题扑面而来,从最初的手忙脚乱,到之后的有条不紊,在这一份工作中,我锻炼了英语口语,组织交流能力,并且交到了不少来自世界各地的朋友,绝对是令我难以忘怀的美国记忆之一。

2. Launch 仿真体会了把美国节目秀“Shark Tank”的场景。Launch是创业论课程制定参加的一项创业项目的竞赛。完全出乎我意料之外,作为为数不多进入决赛的佼佼者之一,经过一番演讲展示的培训后,与其他参赛者在校友中心展示自己设计的产品,对市场潜力,经济效益等进行解说,这对我这个毫无商业头脑的大外行是个颇新鲜的体验。

3. BLT 本学期我参与了日本语入门课程。由国际学生授课,体会了用第二语言学习第三语言的乐趣,了解了日本文化,并且认识了一些同样爱好学习日语的朋友。 

一年的兽医预科让我对这里的生活、学习模式等有了较好的适应,为进入紧张的DVM课程学习做好了准备。

Zezhong Zheng
郑泽中

It has been one year since I first came to America. I get used to the lifestyle and begin to enjoy living in Manhattan. Most of the time during this year, I was busy working on my courses and vet school application, and finally got the admission to the College of Veterinary Medicine in KSU this spring semester. The courses that I have in the animal science department inspired me a lot, so do the internship experiences during the summer vacation. I would like to talk about some of my thought as my summary of this year. 

First is some of my experience when learning the animal production courses. I took dairy cattle management and swine science last year. Both of the instructors take teaching appointments and extension duties in the school. Thus, they have plenty of experience working with the livestock producers and industry. And they will apply their knowledge on production in the courses which makes them very practical. For example, the instructor of the swine science, Dr. Goodband, designs the course in a way that teaching you build your own swine farm from the ground. He divides the course in several parts and each part covered some aspect of the farm, like ventilation, feeding program, etc. After learning each part, we need to write a design report on that part of the farm. And finally several reports combine to a blueprint of an idea farm. I benefits a lot from this way of teaching. It helps me learned how to apply my knowledge to my future work. When I come back to China several years later, I would like to try some of these ways to help our future students to learn better about how to use their knowledge of veterinary medicine in the real life production. 

Second are some of my thoughts about the veterinary for swine industry after having my first internship in a veterinary service company for the swine farms. During my undergraduate study, I once had an internship in a sow farm in China, which gives me a brief impression of our swine industry. Although our industry has developed rapidly these several years, there is still a gap between the production efficiency of the two countries. Actually, the equipment and breeds are similar in a lot of ways, because our industry imports many American facilities and breeding pigs these years. I think that there are mainly two reasons that cause this difference in efficiency. First is the disease control. Compared to China, US has a more favorable environment for swine production, for lots of severe diseases have been cleared in the swine farm in US, like swine fever and foot mouth disease. That makes the veterinarians’ work a lot easier. And they can also have a better control of the pigs’ health statuses, as well as help the farm manager to achieve better production score. Second reason is that the swine farms in US have strict SOPs and the farm staff will follow them. Whereas most of the farm managers in China do not pay much attention on the SOP, instead, operating the farm on their experiences, which causes lots of difference in production. However, uniform operation is a very important factor that keeps modern intense livestock production running smoothly. The inconstant management will surely cause some problems. To improve our industry, I think there are two ways. First is drafting the disease clearance plan in our industry. The government veterinarians and important companies should take the leading position in this work. Second is paying more attention on the SOP and keeping more consistency in the production in each individual farm.

The other internship I had this summer was in the USDA APHIS office at Topeka. This office only has 12 staff, 4 of them are veterinarians. However, they are in charge of 7 states’ veterinary related work on export and import of animal products. I think that the most important reason that they can run their work on such a small personnel is the sound legal system. I think it is also where we should learn from in our industry. 

来美学习已有一年,这一年中渐渐适应并融入了曼哈顿此地的生活,而且开始渐渐喜欢这个小城。这一年的主要的时间还是在学习和上课,14年下半年的时候还有在忙兽医学院申请的事务,15年下半年在拿到了兽医学院的录取后,就基本比较轻松了。这一年中印象比较深的课程主要是上的动科的两门课(奶牛管理和猪科学),这几门课程给了我很多启发,同时,暑假的时候我又去了美国当地的一个兽医服务公司和农业部的兽医服务处实习,这两段实习经历也让我有了一些新的想法。 

下面就来具体谈谈我的这些想法,首先说下动科的两门课程。这两门课都是这边学校动科学院开设给本科生高年级的课,教课老师都是作为学校的农业推广专家有很多畜牧行业的从业经验,同时承担学校的教学任务,所以在上课中会很贴近生产实际。比如说奶牛管理课的老师会在课上介绍许多生产中比较细节但是对生产效率影响很大的相关内容;猪科学的老师将整个课程分成了若干专题,每个专题后会让同学根据此专题所学的内容写一个小的农场规划。比如说猪场的通风系统的一个大概规划,最后学完后,再把这些规划合起来,作为建设一个猪场的粗略蓝图。通过老师的这种教学方式,让我知道了如何将所学真正运用到以后的工作中,更加贴近实际。我在国内本科的时候虽然也有学习过动科学院农业生产相关的课程,但是我们的教学还主要是以书本内容为主,我想美国这边的方法也许可以为我们以后国内相关教学改革时提供一些参考。 

接下来再说下暑假实习后的一些想法。因为我以后主要想做和猪有关的兽医工作,所以原来国内的实习和这次暑假在美国的实习都选择了相关的企业。根据我的经验,国内和美国这边的生产成绩可能差了有10年左右的水平。但其实我们国内现在很多猪场不管是设备还是猪种都是从美国引进的,硬件设施的水平其实没有相差多少。造成差异的原因,我觉得主要还是有两点,首先是疾病控制的因素,然后是养殖场的管理。疾病控制方面,首先是整体大环境来讲,美国这边很多猪的传染病已经被净化了,现在造成比较重要影响的只有屈指可数的蓝耳病和流行性腹泻等几种,这样就让这边的疫苗免疫计划和日常的疾病管理变得很简单,而且风险可控。而在猪场管理方面,主要还是人员的管理,中美对比,我们实际的人员工时需要量可能是这边的几倍,然而生产成绩还没这边好,可能在于很多时候我们国内的标准化操作流程没有被严格执行,或者很多国内的猪场就不是重视这套制度的管理。我想对于以后我们毕业后如果想在国内的养猪行业做些改进和提升,可能主要也是在这两方面,首先就是以政府官方兽医和行业的领导企业牵头,制定出我国养猪行业的重要疾病净化方案。然后就是在猪场内部做好标准化操作流程的管理,充分利用好我们国内劳动力方面的优势。 

暑假还有另一个实习是去了美国农业部的进出口兽医服务办公室实习,这个地方总共只有12位工作人员,兽医4位,但是却负责了美国中西部地区七个州的所有进出口动物产品相关的检疫等兽医服务工作。我想能支撑美国政府这边以极少人员就能维持行业甚至国家正常运转后面的根本原因还是在他们完善的法律体系和严格的执行,我想,这也是以后我们回国后再行业内甚至国家治理中应该学习的地方。

Xueying Zhou
周雪影

To pursue the dream career to be a veterinarian, sometimes you have to step out of comfort zone and experience something which is indescribable, such as taking an extremely difficult organic chemistry exam on Chinese New Year’s Eve while your family members are celebrating it on the other side of earth, yet it is still worthwhile when three admission letters of vet schools arrived, amongst which I chose Iowa State University for its long history of vet school and my interest in swine. 

As for the second semester of pre-vet studies, three courses have been taken according to the prerequisites requirement: Organic Chemistry II, American History Since 1877 and Swine Science. Though Organic Chemistry is quite difficult, American History and Swine Science are really interesting, especially Swine Science, Dr. Goodband taught us not only science of swine but also philosophy of life. 

In addition to curricular activities, the most exciting section is the summer internship. First, I spent a month in Dr. Bai’s Veterinary Diagnostic lab to learn basic skills of PCR as a technique for the diagnoses of certain microorganisms. It is the operation system of the lab that I admire the most, in which it splits into two programs of development lab and service lab respectively, development lab creates, tests and validates new diagnostic panels while the service lab runs multiple samples simultaneously according to the existent tests validated by development lab to guarantee efficiency.

Then, thanks to the arrangement of Dr. Wang our program manager, Coco and I went to the Veterinary Service of USDA APHIS in Topeka for an internship of one week. We were able to attend teleconference and lectures of foreign animal diseases, as well as an inspection of a technical blood factory and daily paperwork of health certificates, of which the National Veterinary Accreditation program impressed me the most, it is a network of USDA certified veterinarian working with the government to maintain animal health while USDA provides them with the free supplies and tests. 

After this, I started a three-week long volunteer work in Wildlife Care Clinic of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of ISU. This is the first time I have seen owls and hawks within such a close distance, and even had the chance to let them stand on my hand, which is a thrilling experience for me. WCC is a non-profit organization so its connection to local residents is tight, many things are donated including food and towels. 

There were a vast amount of things I have learned during this summer, if given the chance to select the most important and impressive one among them, I would say network. The ability of one person is limited no matter how brilliant she or he is, but a united network of a certain group of people who aim at the same goal and move forward to one direction could make such a difference that nothing is impossible. 

为了追寻成为一名兽医师的梦想,有时你必须走出自己的舒适区以及体会一些无法用言语形容的经历,比如在除夕夜家人都在地球另一端欢庆的时候,我在参加极难的有机化学考试。但当三封兽医学校的录取通知书陆续到达时,你会发现所有一切都是值得的。在这三所学校中,我选择了爱荷华州立大学,因其悠久的兽医建校历史和我自己在兽医方向对猪的兴趣。 

至于第二学期的兽医预科学习,根据预科课程要求我选择了三门课:有机化学II,从1877年至今的美国历史以及养猪学。虽然有机化学十分难懂,美国历史和养猪学却很有趣,特别是养猪学,Goodband老师不仅教我们养猪的科学也也教我们生活的哲学。 

除了课堂活动外,最令人激动的要数夏天的实习经历了。首先,我在白老师的兽医诊断实验室花了一个月的时间,学习了将PCR技术用于诊断特定病原体的基本技术。最让我钦佩的是整个实验室的运转方式,它分为两个部分,分别是研发部和服务部。研发部建立,检测和验证新的诊断面板,而服务部则使用由研发部验证过的已存在的诊断面板来同时检测多个样本以提高效率。 

在这之后,感谢我们项目王老师的的安排,秋雯师姐和我一起去了美国农业部动植物卫生检查局位于堪萨斯州首府托皮卡的兽医局,进行了为期一周的实习。我们参加了远程电话会议,国外动物疾病的讲座,对一所制造血清工厂的检查以及观摩了健康证书签署的常规文案工作。其中,最令人印象深刻的是全国兽医认证项目,这是一个经美国农业部的兽医们与政府合作来保持动物的健康的网络,而 农业部为认证的兽医提供免费的物资和测试。 

第三个实习是在爱荷华州立大学的教学动物医院,我在其中的野生动物关怀中心志愿工作了三周。在那里,我第一次近距离看到了猫头鹰和鹰,甚至有机会让他们站在我的手上,这对我来说是一个非常激动人心的经历。野生动物关怀中心是一个非盈利组织,所以他们和当地居民的关系非常密切,很多东西包括食物和毛巾都是捐赠的。 

在这个夏天我学到了很多很多东西,若让我在其中选择一样最重要最让人印象深刻的,我会说是网络合作。一个人即使再才华横溢,他的能力也是有限,但通过一群目标一致,朝同一个方向进发的同伴们的团结一致的网络合作,便能扭转乾坤,使不可能成为可能。

Huen Zeng
曾欢

Huan ZengI cannot believe that it has been a year since the first time I landed on the US ground. Time passes so quickly and I have gone through a lot things. Now I am going to talk about some of them. 

For study and courses, thanks to Dr. Goodband for helping me choose courses patiently. I really enjoyed every course I took during the pre-vet year and I’ve learned a lot. In Public Speaking class, five times of giving speeches in front of classmates and different kinds of assignments really helped me understand and apply the knowledge. The Professor of Food Science invited related specialists of food industry to give lectures every two or three weeks, such as food security expert, functional food specialist and so on. Through this way, it not only attracts students’ attention, but also provides more accurate information of a specific food industry for students. The Professor of Fundamental of Nutrition provided us with i-clicker in class, which is very new to me. Not only can it records the student attendance, but also helps students be highly concentrated during classes. Swine Science is a very interesting class. There was a lab section in real swine farm each week to help us understand the knowledge. The professor trained us to think critically and weigh pros and cons in each assignment by designing our own swine farm. To be honest, I didn’t really realize how fast China’s economy has developed during last 30 years until taking the Food Contemporary Issues in Global Food and Agricultural Systems. 

By taking these courses, although most of them are for freshmen or sophomore American students, I’ve learned how professors instruct students to choose majors and encourage students to be prepared for their careers, which I think is a deficiency of the undergraduate education I received in China. The Companion and Horse Lab is a 1ow level class, most of the students haven’t decided their majors. The professor spent a relatively long time analyzing industries and careers related to animals. He also gave an assignment of evaluating ourselves and conducting some research of the interested career in order to look beyond the image of a job. Overall, I appreciate every professor’s hard work and willingness to teach and to inspire. 

For extra curriculum experience, I volunteered at the Manhattan Animal Shelter for twice. The great management of the animal shelter really impressed me. I shadowed at the Veterinary Health Center (VHC) for two weeks, specifically at Pet Health and Equine department. It gave me a better view of how a teaching hospital dedicates to train future veterinarians. I did a part time job during the spring semester at the central preparation department of VHC. It allowed me to have a closer look of how this department runs to support the whole hospital from all kinds of surgery instruments and tools sterilization, to disposable materials supply and to white coats and scrubs preparation.  My coworker taught me everything that I need to know patiently. My supervisor emphasized multi-tasking ability and set herself an example for us. Thought a little bit tired after a day’s of work, it was a good experience. 

During this summer, I volunteered at Dr. Mike Murtaugh’s research lab for six weeks at UMN. This lab focuses on seeking a comprehensive understanding of porcine immune responses to infectious pathogens. I mainly worked with Dr. Mike Rahe, a third year student of PHD program at Murtaugh’s lab. I’ve learned how to do cell culture and manage culture plates from him, including counting live cells, changing media, freezing cells and cloning cells. What impressed me most is Dr. Mike Rahe’s passion and diligent attitude toward to what he is doing. Besides doing lab work, I participated lab meetings and lab presentations. I also gave a presentation about Seahorse technology. I am grateful for the opportunity to learn and to meet excellent people at this lab. 

For my daily life, I would say it was not easy. Thanks to the time of pre-vet year, which allowed me to be familiar with stuffs associate with daily-life here. For social life, I took part in activities held by my residence assistant and conversation café. And I’ve made very good friends with several American and Chinese students at KSU, which is one of the reasons that I love K-state. 

Being in America has helped me look at my old life in China through different eyes. It is a good experience to challenge and improve myself. I highly appreciate everyone who has helped me all the way. And I am looking forward and ready my next stop. 

时光如梭,匆匆一年眨眼就过去了,仔细想来也经历了很多事情,现在分享其中一些经历和感想。 

学习方面,首先非常感谢Dr. Goodband耐心的指导我选择课程。我喜欢预科这一年学的每一门课,而且也从中收获很多。在公共演讲课上,通过五次课堂演讲和不同的作业训练,真的让我更加清楚怎么将知识点运用在自己的演讲中。食品科学的教授每隔两三周邀请相关领域的专家来授课,比如粮食安全的专家,功能食品的专家等,这样不仅激发我们兴趣,而且让我们更清楚某个领域的概况和发展情况。营养学的课堂上,教授给每人提供一个答题器,现场按键答题,这种方式对我来说很新颖,不仅可以考察出勤,更可以让我们精力高度集中,积极思考所讲的内容。猪学课是非常有意思的一门课,每一周都要去猪场实地学习和理解理论课上所讲内容,教授通过让我们自己规划一个猪场来不断训练我们进行批判性思维的意识。事实上,通过当代粮食问题这门课,我才真正意识到中国在过去的30年发展了有多快。 

这些课基本属于美国大一大二学生的课程,学习这些课也让我看到了这些教授们如何指导学生选专业和规划事业。伴侣动物这门课是一级别的课程,大部分学生都还没有选定专业,这个教授用了很长一部分课时分析与动物相关行业的情况,布置作业让学生剖析自己,调查自己想学习的专业和行业情况以及自己的初步规划,而不只是停留在了解一个职业的表面情况。总之,我非常感谢每一个授课老师的辛苦付出和对我们的启发。 

课外实践方面,我在曼哈顿市的动物收容所做过两次志愿者,其对动物的照顾管理和收养流程的规范让我着实赞叹。我在动物医院的宠物健康部门和马部门分别实习观摩了一周,让我深深体会到一个教学医院是如何致力于培养未来兽医。 春季学期,我在动物医院的准备中心做兼职,这让我深入了解到了这个部门是如何支持动物医院其他部门的,从手术器械工具的消毒打包到消耗品的供应甚至到白大褂洗手服的准备。我的同事耐心的教我和提醒我注意事项,我的上司强调多任务能力,并以身作则。 

这个暑假,我在Dr. Mike Murtaugh的实验室学习了六周。这个实验室致力于更全面的了解猪对传染性病原的免疫反应。我主要和Dr. Mike Rahe共事,他是一名博士三年级学生。我学习了怎样培养细胞和管理细胞板,比如计数细胞,更换细胞液,冷冻细胞和克隆细胞。除了这些, 我从他的言行上体会到了他对他所做的充满了强烈热情和不知疲倦的勤奋,让我印象深刻。除了做实验,我也参加每周的组会和演讲,我做了一个关于海马技术的演讲。 我非常感谢能有这次在实验室学习和遇到优秀人才的机会。 

日常生活方面,我觉得不容易,所以更加庆幸有预科这一年时间让我熟悉围绕生活的各种琐事。社交方面,我利用课余时间参加由楼层活动以及学校其他活动,通过这些活动,我交到了一些很好的美国和中国朋友,这也是我非常喜欢堪萨斯州立大学的一个重要原因。 

在美国生活的这一年也让我从不同的角度回看在中国的生活,发现颇有意思。这一年的经历也让我进步不少,我感激一路上所有支持帮助我的人。对于下一站,我非常期待并已整装待发。

Meng Li
李梦

Meng Li

Taking the undergraduate courses in Kansas State University works as the buffer which helps me fulfill the veterinary school prerequisites and get used to the American education system. And extra curriculum activities allow me to gain experience directly related to my major. What I’ve learned and experienced let me have a better understanding of advantage of American education and available sources and how to take advantage of them to make a contribution to China.  

Through the pre-veterinary courses, I have tried to improve my English, build the background knowledge and achieve the academic success with the help of the professors, my classmates and the useful recourse in KSU. The courses are changing but they give me an in-depth insight into the American husbandry. Especially, the lecturer of the Dairy Cattle Management course, Dr. Brouk, an extension specialist, impresses me most for solving the practical problems in dairy industry and doing researches on finding the strategies for more productive management. The course also provides us with the opportunity to visit several dairy farms and feedlots in western Kansas. I am inspired by the course for dairy management is a promising field in China. But the management of animals relies heavily on general experience instead of scientific researches in China. As the DVM students, we are encouraged to make the connection between the theory and changeable practice problems. That also works for researches, once we realize the importance and unknown of the clinical and practical problems, researches helped us dig deeper into the root cause of problems and apply theory to practice.  

As for our daily life, studying abroad can be difficult for adapting the lifestyle and involving in the American culture. I learned to be self-motivated and flexible by joining the extracurricular activities and various clubs. Involving in the pre-vet club offers us the chance to volunteer at the animal shelter to take care of the abandoned animals. Together with the members of the dairy club, we did the part-time job and attended the American Dairy Science Association Conference in Wisconsin to learn the management of the production. Apart from that, I earned the chance to give a speech about our Chinese to the students in the Marlatt School by joining the International Speaker Bureau. I also enjoyed my time with my friends who encouraged and helped me when I was in need. 

My summer internship and shadow experience also enrich my theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of veterinary medicine. Firstly, shadowing in the Equine Center and Veterinary Health Center provides me with the great opportunity to learn the cases, clinical techniques and observe the surgeries. Also, during the shadow experience, I could listen to the lecture with the DVM fourth year students and have a preview of the DVM rotation. Then, interning in the USDA helps me understand the regulations of import and export, national veterinary accreditation program and have a tour to the production line of the Hill’s Pet Nutrition. After that, I also worked in Dr. Wenjun Ma’s lab as student worker to assist the screening of swine influenza B virus and the research of monoclonal antibodies. 

Studying the veterinary medicine with scholarships in U.S. is a privilege for us. So we try to find ways to empower the people in China with our knowledge and information. First of all, with the foundation of what we have learned through courses and what we have experienced outside classes, together with other DVM students, we establish the Wechat media platform, “4vetstudents” to share our ideas about the veterinary education and practices to the students, faculties and veterinarians in China. With this mission, Zhen and I had an interview with Dr. Arck, the board of the Veterinary Health Center in KSU about the management of the teaching hospital. Then, with the permission of Dr. Arck, we wrote the article based on the interview and published it on our platform. Up to now, we received 779 page views for the article and we are also greatly empowered by the positive feedback from the readers. Besides that, I attempted to interact with the Chinese scholars directly while I was in China. Thereby, I attended the conference of Chinese Association of veterinary internal medicine and clinical veterinary medicine. During the meeting, I learned the updated research results of veterinary medicine and the management of husbandry in China. And I introduced our program to the professors from different universities. 

Finally, I will start my adventure in the College of Veterinary Medicine in the University of Minnesota. With my faith, hard work and mission, I’m looking forward to learning the new skills and continuing to be passionate about the path that I chose.  With the help of China Scholarship Council(CSC) and Kansas State University(KSU), the International Veterinary Collaboration for China (IVCC)/Zoetis, the Chinese Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) and other partners of the U.S.-China Joint DVM Program, I am able to start my advanced education of veterinary medicine in U.S. and I’m also given the opportunity to find the difference and opportunity of the field of study which in turn can help me make a contribution to China. 

        本学期堪萨斯州立大学的本科课程犹如缓冲剂,既让我满足了申请兽医学院的课程要求,也帮助我及早适应美国的教育体系。课余活动提升了我专业相关的经验。在堪萨斯州立大学的见闻让我更清楚地认识美国教育的优越性和可利用的资源,也让我意识到如何利用这些资源以后更好地为国效力。 

        通过兽医预科的学习,我努力提升语言能力,补充背景知识,并在各位教授、同学和学校各种资源的帮助下取得优异成绩。预科的课程虽然有挑战性但也当我对美国的畜牧业有了更深的了解。尤其是我们奶牛管理课程的老师、奶牛场管理专家,Brouk博士,他的专业知识以及工作领域让我感触颇深。他通过自己的理论基础解决实际生产管理问题,以及进行科研来探索提高生产力的管理方式。该课程也为我们提供了实地参观堪萨斯西部的奶牛场和肉牛场的机会。奶牛的管理在中国也是很有前景的领域。在中国,农场管理多基于生产经验而非科学研究,目前国内暂无研究能如此系统而深入地探索和评估奶牛场的生产和管理。今后作为临床兽医专业博士,我们应将理论与变化的实际问题相联系。对于我们今后可能从事的科研工作也是如此。只有发现临床或实际问题的未知性以及重要性,由此开展的科学研究才能有助于我们发现问题的本质,从而解决问题。 

        至于我们的日常生活,因为要适应不同的生活方式、融入美国文化,留学在外有时的确艰辛。通过参加课外活动和一些兴趣社团,我学会了自我激励和灵活变通的能力。 在兽医预科社团内,我积极到动物收容所当志愿者照顾被遗弃的动物。在奶牛社团内,我和社团成员曾一起做兼职,并到威斯康辛州参加美国奶牛科学学会,学习奶牛场的生产管理的知识。另外,我也积极参加了国际演讲者团体并向Marlatt学校的学生做演讲,介绍了中国地文化。同时,我也很享受和朋友们相处的时间,感谢他们对我的鼓励和帮助。 

        暑假的实习和观摩经历丰富了我在兽医领域的理论和实操的知识。在堪萨斯州立大学的马中心和兽医健康中心让我有机会学习临床病例和技能,并观摩手术。通过在动物医院的观摩,我还有机会与DVM四年级的学生一起听讲座、讨论,并提前了解了DVM的临床轮转学习的模式。在美国农业部的实习,让我详细地了学习了有关进出口的条例,美国兽医资格项目,并参观了希尔思宠物食品营养公司的生产线等。除此之外,我还在马文军老师的实验室内参与了B型流感病毒的筛选以及单克隆抗体的制备等实验。 

        能够获得奖学金,在美国学习兽医的确是对我们的优待,所以我们尽可能地将所见所闻传递给在中国的求知者。在同项目的DVM同学的一同努力下,我们创建了微信公众平台,“中美兽医学生”来将我们课堂和课下的知识传播给中国地学生,老师和兽医工作者。怀着这样的使命,我和杨振同学采访了堪萨斯州立大学兽医健康中心的董事Arck博士,通过访谈我们了解到了关于兽医教学医院的管理方面的信息。经Arck博士的同意,我们基于采访内容撰写了文章并发布于我们的微信平台上。至今,文章已有779次的访问量,同时我们也受到了读者积极地响应。除此之外,我通过参加中国畜牧兽医学会兽医内科与临床诊疗学会分会暨动物毒物学会分会的学术研讨会以和中国学者进行直接的交流和沟通。在研讨会上,我了解了国内兽医研究方面的进展,以及畜牧管理方面的现状,并且向与会的老师们介绍了我们中美合作的DVM项目。

         现今,我即将在明尼苏达大学的兽医学院迎来我崭新的开始。相信通过我的信念、努力和使命感,我期待能够学习新的知识和技能并且在自己所选的道路上继续保持积极乐观的态度。感谢国家留学基金委、堪萨斯州立大学、硕腾/国际兽医合作·中国、中国兽医协会以及其他与中美联合兽医专业博士项目的合作者, 为我们提供的帮助和支持,在美留学不仅让我们接受兽医专业博士的先进的教育,并且给我们提供了发现美中发展差异、发现学科内发展机遇的机会。由此,可以帮助我们更好地为国效力。

Zhen Yang
杨振

First and foremost, I am grateful to Kansas State University (KSU), the China Scholarship Council (CSC), the International Veterinary Collaboration for China (IVCC)/Zoetis and the Chinese Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) for the opportunity that I could be one of students who could be admitted in the US.-China Pre-vet & DVM program. I really cherish the opportunity to have my pre-vet study in KSU. In this assay, I would like to write something about my learning experiences and thoughts when I was pre-vet student in KSU. 

To fulfill the prerequisites of applying vet schools was my first goal of my school in Kansas. For my first semester, I enrolled four courses, PhysicsⅡ, Public Speaking, Fundamental of Nutrition and Dairy Cattle Management. As for my second semester, I had Organic ChemistryⅡ, Equine Science and American History Since 1877. I got A for all my courses and earned a semester academic honor from College of Agriculture. One of my favorite class was Dairy Cattle Management. It was a challenging course but rewarding. I found there were some opportunities to learn Dairy cows management in depth. I took Dairy Challenging trained by Dr.Mike Brouk and joined in Dairy Science Club of Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, which offered me a chance to go to the 2015 dairy conference hosted by The Student Affiliate Division of ADSA in Wisconsin. During my winter break, I have been working in the KSU dairy farm to help a Ph.D student by feeding cows. It was good for me to know about how university operated their animal farms and how university hired student workers to help their animal researches. 

Life in K-State was simple and busy. We were encouraged to do extracurricular activities to enrich our experience in U.S. As a member of pre-vet club and dairy club, I attended our weekly meetings and outdoors activities. In my first semester, I got my first chance to volunteer for T. Russell Reitz Animal Shelter to play with dogs and cats. Besides, I was lucky to have been to western Kansas twice to visit large dairies and beef cattle feed yards, which broadened my views of cattle management. In my second semester, I was able to learn epidemiology and GIS from Dr.Raghavan, which enabled me to better understand the H5N2 Avian Influenza outbreaks this year. Kansas State University's Veterinary Health Center (VHC) was also a good place for us to shadow with veterinarians. With the help of staff and faculties from U.S.-China Center for Animal Health (USCCAH) and VHC, I could shadow in Food Animal and Equine sections for a few days, learning from veterinarians and vet students.   

When I was in this program, I tried to broaden my vision and mission. I raised several questions at the beginning of my pre-vet study in K-State. For example, what are differences between students from U.S and China before they go to vet schools? How American vet schools select their students? Why American vet schools could keep so high standard to train their students? Could we apply their ways of admission to our education? I believe that to answer these questions will definitely help us to search better solutions to improve our education in veterinary medicine.

 Let me use my story to explain the difference between students from U.S and China before they go to vet schools. Except my curiosity of animal science, I had no other animal experiences before I went to vet school in China as a high school student. I didn’t keep a pet and my family didn’t own any animal farms either. It would be hard to imagine in United States that such students like me would take the veterinarian as their lifelong profession. In U.S, most of students have plenty experiences of animal, veterinary medicine and research before they apply vet schools. They grow up with pets and some of their families have animal farms. Besides, most of them have got a bachelor degree of animal science or biology science. If not, at least, they have fulfilled the prerequisite courses required by vet schools before they get in. In a word, American students have the motivation and the dedication and the preparation of knowledge to be vet students in advance.            

During my pre-vet study, I had applied four vet schools that were KSU, ISU, UMN and UC.Davis and finally I got four offers from those schools. From my perspective, to apply vet schools in the U.S is complicated and difficult. The reason that it is complicated is due to the application process. First, I need to fill out all my information in VMCAS( Veterinary Medical College Application Service), including my personal information, academic performances, personal statement and so on. I need at least three references from veterinarians and veterinary professors. Besides, most of schools require supplemental materials like essays and questionnaires. The admission committee of vet schools we apply will review our applications from VMCAS and supplemental materials to decide whether to give us interview or not. Our academic performance like GPA, GRE scores, and animal, veterinary and research experiences will be considered as weighted factors to rank us. After the interview, only 10%~15% of applicants of each veterinary school could be admitted in the end. The low admission rate of vet schools makes their DVM programs competitive and difficult to get in. 

One thing I learned from my applications is using a series of assessments and interviews to select best students with high potential to be veterinary can qualify the DVM education. The process of admission is time-consuming, costing but worthwhile. My first reason is that selected students are most likely to succeed in DVM programs, for they are smart and hardworking which are necessary to be a DVM student. Therefore, those students are more capable to take the challenges of DVM program. Plus, vet schools clearly understand that being a good DVM student does not make sure becoming a good doctor in the future. Therefore, the admission process must test multiple aspects of candidates, not only academic potential but also ethnics, communication skill and critical thinking, which are essential characteristics and skills required by the profession. 

The admission process in U.S may not be suitable to China, but we still can learn from it. Unlike U.S, our colleges of veterinary medicine select our students by Gaokao, the College Entrance Examination in China. Nowadays, more high school graduates are willing to take veterinarian as their profession than before. Thus, veterinary programs are becoming popular and competitive. However, it is hard for our schools to evaluate ethnics, motivation and communication skills of applicants without interview. In the future, if possible, we could probably add the interview to admission of our Chinese vet school. 

I hope my thinking, albeit incomplete, could lead to a further discussion of improving veterinary education in China among students and teachers who are interested in. 

For my summer time, I took a two-day shadowing at USDA, Topeka, KS and another two-day shadowing at Equine Section of VHC in KSU, both of which increased my knowledge and experiences of veterinary medicine. In order to meet the future challenges of veterinary management and marketing, I have taken four online business courses from Wharton Business School, University of Pennsylvania that are Introduction to Marketing, Operation Management, Financing Account and Corporate Finance. As it was said from Applied Business Certificate of CVM, UMN, we could use these business tools to bring our expertise to market and to help you make business decisions in an effective, innovative, and ethical way. 

Meng Li and I founded a public Wechat account called Vetstudents in this summer, which was a platform to achieve the goal of sharing our experiences and thoughts with students, faculties, veterinarians and industry workforce in China. We collaborate with other Chinese DVM students and veterinarians who also have passion for Chinese veterinary education. Our members are veterinary students and veterinarians distributed from China, United States and Britain. We hope that veterinary students in China could be motivated by our essays. We also hope to communicate with Chinese veterinary educators and industry leaders through our writing. 

Finally, I would thank Kansas State University (KSU), the China Scholarship Council (CSC), the International Veterinary Collaboration for China (IVCC)/Zoetis, the Chinese Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) and other stakeholders of the U.S.-China Joint DVM Program for their help and support. Without them, I couldn’t succeed in the next four years. I am ready for starting my journey in vet school! 

首先,我感谢堪萨斯州立大学、国家留学基金委、硕腾/国际兽医合作·中国和中国兽医协会能给我入选到中美兽医预科和兽医专业博士项目的机会。我珍惜第一年在堪萨斯州立大学的兽医预科学习和生活。这篇总结是关于我在KSU兽医预科学习的的经历和思考。 

在堪萨斯求学期间,完成申请兽医学院的先修课程是我的第一目标。第一个学期,我选修了物理学Ⅱ,公众演讲,营养学基础和奶牛管理;我在第二学期修了有机化学Ⅱ,马科学和1877年以来的美国历史。令人鼓舞的是我的预科课程全部得A并且荣获了一个学期的“学期学术荣誉”。奶牛管理课程是我最喜欢的课程之一。学习中,我找到一些深入学习奶牛管理知识的机会:我加入了由Dr.Brouk组织培训的“奶牛挑战”;我也成为了奶牛科学俱乐部的成员,我在这个俱乐部获得了去奶牛之都威斯康辛州的机会,并参加由美国奶牛科学协会学生分会举办的2015奶牛会议;寒假期间,我在堪萨斯州立大学的牛场工作,帮助一位博士研究生饲喂奶牛,工作之余,我也有机会了解到KSU是如何管理他们自己的牧场,如何雇佣学生来帮助他们的动物研究等。

 我的预科生活是简单和忙碌的。中美动物卫生中心鼓励我们多参加课外活动以增加自己在美国的经历。作为兽医预科俱乐部的成员,我几乎参加全部的每周会议。第一学期,我从该俱乐部中获得了去一家本地的动物收容所当志愿者的机会,了解这里的动物收容领养管理的同时,增加与宠物接触时间。此外,我曾两次参观堪萨斯西部的大型奶牛场和肉牛场参观,两次的参观学习丰富了我对于美国奶牛和肉牛产业的见识。第二学期,我有幸跟随Dr.Raghavan学习流行病学知识和地理信息系统,这些知识让我更好地理解今年在美国爆发的H5N2禽流感疫情;在中美动物卫生中心和堪萨斯州立大学兽医健康中心的帮助下,我有机会在KSU的教学医学院的食品动物和马属动物部门见习,并向这里的兽医和兽医学生学习。 

当我进入中美兽医项目之后,我尝试拓宽自己的远见和使命。刚入学时,我对美国兽医教育问了以下几个问题:1、中美学生进入兽医学院之前的差距在哪里?2、美国兽医学院是如何遴选DVM学生的? 3、为什么美国兽医学院能够高保标准地培养学生?4、我们能否采用美国的兽医招生方式?倘若我能够清楚地回答疑问,这将会对我回国后参与兽医教育有所帮助。 

接下来以我为例来说明中美学生在进入兽医学院之前的差别。高考后,我选择了兽医专业,除了自己对动物科学的好奇外,我在进入兽医学院之前没有任何动物经历,我没有养过宠物,我们家也没有畜牧场等。在美国,很难想象会有像我这种无动物和兽医相关经历的学生会学兽医。相反,美国的学生在进入兽医学院之前都会有大量的动物、兽医或者科研经历等。他们从小与宠物作伴,有很多家庭里面也有自己的畜牧场。更重要是他们在进入兽医学院之前都已经拿到了动科或者生科的学士学位,少部分人甚至有硕士或者博士学位。对于某些兽医学院,他们虽不一定要求申请者有学士学位,但是必须要完成兽医预科所需要修的课程,而修完这些预科课程也需要三到四年时间。总之,美国学生在进入兽医学院之前,他们的学习动机和知识储备都已经做好。

兽医预科期间,我申请了四所兽医学院,分别是堪萨斯州立大学、爱荷华州立大学、明尼苏达大学和加州戴维斯分校, 最终我拿到了四所学校的录取通知书。我认为申请美国的兽医学院是复杂的和困难的。复杂的原因是在于其申请的程序。首先,我要在兽医学院申请服务网站上填写好我的资料,包括个人基本情况,大学课程列表及成绩和个人陈述等等。除了要在专门的网站填写好申请资料外,我还需要三封来自兽医和兽医相关领域教授的推荐信。对于申请的学校,每个学校还需要提供一些辅助性材料,例如传递托福成绩,填写申请表格和撰写一些小文章等。兽医学院的录取委员会会根据你的本科成绩,GRE成绩,动科、兽医和科研经历,以及最后的面试情况决定是否录取该申请者。面试之后,每个兽医学院有10%~15%的申请者会被录取。较低的录取率导致美国的DVM项目竞争激烈,申请难度大。 

从我的申请经历来看,我认为美国兽医学院通过一系列的评价和面试来遴选他们的学生,这种做法能保证兽医教育的质量。与本科和博士项目宽进严出不同,DVM项目是严进严出。 招生的过程是费时费力的,但却是值得的。第一,选拔出来的学生在DVM项目取得成功的概率较高。因此,由于学生群体优秀,即便兽医课程的难度很大,未通过考试的学生却较少。第二,他们清楚知道一名仅是成绩很好的兽医学生未必会成为一名成功的兽医。因此,他们考察申请者的学习潜力之外,还需要考察申请者的道德、交流能力和批判思维。这原因是后者也是成为一名兽医所必须的特质和技能。 

美国的录取兽医学生的方式并不一定适合当前的中国,但是我们可以借鉴他们的优点。跟美国不同,我国大陆地区是通过高考来选拔兽医学生。如今,兽医专业越来越受欢迎,有更多的高中生报考兽医学校,考入兽医学院的难度也比以往要高。由于我们在录取过程中没有面试这一环节,这种仅通过高考成绩来选拔学生无法考量学生的道德、兴趣、学习的动机以及交流能力。不过,待时机成熟,我们可以考虑加入面试环节。 

尽管我的思考仍不完善,但我希望这能吸引该项目的其他学生共同讨论未来如何提高我国的兽医教育。 

暑假期间,我有机会到美国农业部的堪萨斯州的办公室见习,也到堪萨斯州立大学教学医院见习两天,这种短期见习活动增加了我的兽医的经历。为了应对今后在兽医管理和营销中遇到的挑战,我在暑假修了四门宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿商学院的网络商业课程,分别是营销学导论,运营管理,财务会计和公司金融等基础课程。正如明尼苏达大学兽医学院的应用商业项目所讲,我们可以运用商业的工具将我们的专业技能带到市场,并且利用这些工具帮助你做出有效、创新和道德的商业决定。 

李梦和我在这个暑假创办”中美兽医学生”微信公众号,这是一个向中国的兽医学生、老师和执业兽医分享我们在美国兽医学习经历和思考的平台。我们与那些同样对中国兽医教育充满热情的兽医学生和兽医进行合作。我们的成员分布在中国、美国和英国等国家。我们希望中国兽医学生能被我们写的文章所激励,同时我们也希望通过写作,我们能与中国的兽医教育者和行业领导者进行交流。 

最后,我再次感谢堪萨斯州立大学、国家留学基金委、硕腾/国际兽医合作·中国、中国兽医协会和其他与中美兽医项目相关的机构和个人的帮助和支持。没有你们的帮助,我无法在今后的四年兽医学习取得成功。我已准备好开始我在兽医学院的学习