The official newsletter of the College of Veterinary Medicine
September 2011 - Vol. 6, No. 9
Diagnostic Lab analyzes blue-green algae in recent dog deaths.
Three-day session introduces students to veterinary studies.
Targeting a cure for lung cancer
Dr. Masaaki Tamura searches for patient-friendly treatment.
Warning signs have been showing up during the summer of 2011. Several lakes and ponds in Kansas have been reporting contamination from toxic blue-green algae. Recently, three dogs were fatally poisoned from exposure to the algae at Milford Lake. A fourth-dog survived after treatment at the Kansas State University Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, but will require further monitoring and special care.
Also known as cyanobacteria, blue-green algae may bloom in fresh water where environmental conditions make it possible for these organisms to grow and replicate rapidly. Conditions that are typically associated with blue-green algae blooms include warm weather, lots of sunlight, and the presence of nutrients in the water, which are often associated with agricultural run-off.
Dr. Deon van der Merwe, assistant professor and head of the toxicology section in the Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, warned, “Any time you have an algae bloom, you have a potential for poisoning, which happened with these dogs. Two of them were admitted to the intensive care unit at the teaching hospital.” Unfortunately, both of these dogs died despite aggressive attempts to treat them.
Another dog that was brought to the emergency room at the teaching hospital was more fortunate. Dr. Nicole Smee, small animal internal medicine resident, attended the case the morning after the dog had been admitted.
“All these dogs presented with acute liver failure, so we tried to manage them supportively to give them enough time to let their liver recover from that initial injury,” Dr. Smee said. “The dog that survived received three units of plasma to help replace the clotting factors and proteins that were lost as well as a fourth whole blood transfusion. We told the owners every day that her prognosis was guarded, and that we didn’t know what the long-term effects on the liver would be. We’re hoping she’ll have enough liver function so she won’t be on medication the rest of her life.”
According to Dr. Gordon Andrews the senior pathologist handling the case, extremely severe liver necrosis was seen microscopically at post mortem examinations of tissues from all three dogs that died. Necrosis of liver cells is a typical consequence of ingesting water that contains toxins produced by a type of blue-green algae called Microcystis.
“Animals that ingest contaminated water typically develop vomiting and diarrhea within the first few hours following exposure,”
Dr. van der Merwe explained how blue-green algae presents a threat to human health as well as to animals.
“Some types of blue-green algae produce neurotoxins that can lead to muscle spasms, convulsions, weakness and paralysis,” Dr. van der Merwe said. “Death can occur due to paralysis of the muscles used for breathing. People who are exposed to contaminated water while swimming, boating or skiing often develop skin rashes, eye irritation and respiratory symptoms.”
On Monday, Aug. 29, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment issued a blue-green algae warning for the Tuttle Pond State Park.
“The signs of blue-green algae in water may include changes in color, or the appearance of a scum (usually green, but occasionally brown or red) at the water surface or at the downwind shore,” Dr. van der Merwe said. “If such changes in water are noticed, ingestion of the water by people or animals should be avoided until the source of the changes had been determined.”
Water samples for blue-green algae identification can be submitted to the Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. When collecting a water sample, the laboratory recommends using gloves to prevent skin contact. Collect about 20 fluid ounces (500 ml) in a clean, leak-proof container, and include any visible scum. Keep the sample refrigerated (not frozen). Samples should be shipped to the laboratory in an insulated box with a cold pack. For more information, please contact the Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory at 866-512-5650.
The class of 2015 has had a constructive beginning to the new school year. During a three-day orientation, the incoming students built towers and participated in several activities designed to introduce class members to the College of Veterinary Medicine and to each other.
See the video below to learn more about the orientation activities.
Video produced by Joseph Chapes and Kent Nelson, technology coordinators from
A Kansas State University professor is trying to create a patient-friendly treatment to help the more than 220,000 people who are diagnosed with lung cancer each year.
Dr. Masaaki Tamura, associate professor of anatomy and physiology, and his research team are working on several projects that use nanoparticles to treat and directly target the “bull’s-eye”: cancer cells.
It’s estimated 156,940 people will die from lung-related cancer this year, according to the American Cancer Society. Lung cancer-related deaths are higher than the next three common cancer-related deaths combined: colon, breast and pancreatic cancers.
Given lung cancer’s high mortality rate,
“We want to generate a safe patient-friendly therapy,” Dr. Tamura said.
Cancer develops from our own bodies,
Dr. Tamura has found the potential for safer therapy in cationic peptide nanoparticles. This small peptide helps transfer an important gene called angiotensin II type 2 receptor, which helps to maintain cardiovascular tissue. By attaching this receptor gene to peptide nanoparticles, Dr. Tamura hopes to create a form of treatment that can directly target cancer cells without damaging healthy cells.
“The peptide itself is a very safe material and it has no harmful effects,” said Dr. Tamura, who is one of the first researchers to use the peptide for cancer treatment. “The gene is actually already expressed in our body -- everybody has this gene.”
Sixty-two percent – nearly two-thirds of U.S. households – includes an animal.
And, while pets are part of the family, they’re not always part of the family’s emergency management plan, said
When disaster strikes, a beloved pet can easily become separated from its family, said Dr. Elmore, who is teaming with animal scientists, veterinary medical, family life professionals, extension educators, emergency management specialists and survivors, including one who can literally “bark” from experience, to offer a free one-day seminar titled: “Natural Disasters: What about the Animals?”
The 2011 Human-Animal Bond Conference is scheduled Saturday, Sept. 24, from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. The session will be held in Forum Hall in the K-State Student Union on the Manhattan, Kan., campus, and will also be simulcast at the K-State Olathe (Kan.) campus and webcast at http://ome.ksu.edu/webcast/human-animal-bond/.
While no one plans to have an emergency or for such separations to occur, Elmore noted that, in the ’93 flood in Manhattan, about 160 small animals and family pets were displaced and sheltered at K-State’s veterinary school until homes could be found.
A number of horses and larger animals also were sheltered during the disaster, he said.
The Sept. 24 seminar is being presented without charge, and will provide information about natural disasters and how to protect animals during such events.
Animal owners, public safety personnel, such as police, fire fighters, health care providers, emergency management, staff of pet-related organizations, Extension educators and University staff and students are encouraged to attend. The seminar includes a continental breakfast and gathering time, with the program beginning at 8:30 a.m.:
* Opening remarks from Gary Pierzynski, interim dean, College of Agriculture, Kansas State University, and interim director, K-State Research and Extension.
* Welcome/Introduction by Emily Lehning, assistant vice president, New Student Services, and Kansas State Book Network Committee member.
* Book Review: “Zeitoun,” by Dave Eggers will be reviewed by Greg Eiselein, professor and distinguished teaching scholar in the English Department at K-State. The book focuses on the plight of residents of New Orleans and animals during Hurricane Katrina, and is required reading for incoming freshmen at Kansas State University this year.
* “First Hand Account of Handling Animals Following Katrina,” presented by Dr. Joseph Taboada, associate dean for student and academic affairs, and a professor of small animal internal medicine at the Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine.
* “Invisible Pet Owners: Lessons Learned from Katrina,” presented by Lisa Greenhill, associate executive director for Institutional Research and Diversity for the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC),Washington, D.C.
Following a break for lunch (on your own), the conference will resume with:
* “Lessons Learned Following the Greensburg, Kan., Tornado,” presented by Dr. Christen L. Skaer, a 1999 graduate of Kansas State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Skaer has practiced small animal medicine in Wichita for 11 years, and has advanced training in veterinary disaster management, serves as the director of the Sedgwick County and Kansas State Animal Response Teams, and manages the Kansas Veterinary Medical Reserve Corps.
* “Personal Experience at Greensburg,” presented by Pam Muntz, Greensburg resident and K-State Research and Extension family and consumer sciences educator in Kiowa County. Muntz’ Cocker Spaniel rode out the tornado in a wire kennel as the home around her was destroyed, and now provides life lessons for the family.
* “How to be Prepared,” presented by Dr. Christen L. Skaer.
* Concluding remarks will be presented by Ralph Richardson, dean, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University.
To attend in Manhattan: Space is limited in Forum Hall, which is on the lower level of K-State’s Student Union at 17th and Anderson Avenue. Registration is requested to ensure conference materials and refreshments. Register online, at www.vet.ksu.edu/CE/Conference.htm; or by downloading a registration form and mailing it to the address on the form. The deadline for registration in Manhattan is Sept. 16.
More information about the conference also is available at K-State Research and Extension offices throughout the state, and by calling 785-532-5773. Parking is available for $1.50 per hour in the parking garage attached to the Union. Campus lots do not require a parking permit on weekends.
To attend via simulcast at K-State Olathe: The simulcast of the Human-Animal Bond Conference at K-State Olathe (22201 College Boulevard, Olathe) is scheduled from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Pre-registration is not required; 120 seats will be available on a first-come, first-served basis. Free parking is available.
Dr. Sheila Dodson, a 1999 graduate of K-State’s College of Veterinary Medicine, and owner of a veterinary practice in Lenexa, Kan., will serve as an on-site moderator and be available to lead discussions during the breaks. Dr. John Pascarella, associate dean of K-State Olathe, noted that there will be an opportunity to relay guest’s questions to speakers in Manhattan. For more information, call 913-307-7313.Kansas residents also are encouraged to check with local extension offices or to join the webcast at: (http://ome.ksu.edu/webcast/human-animal-bond/). Web viewers will be able to e-mail questions to the conference site.
A female chimpanzee’s reproductive difficulties were the focus of a routine veterinarian visit at the Sunset Zoo.
“As a nationally accredited zoo, we are committed to providing the highest quality of care to our animal residents,” said Scott Shoemaker, zoo director. “Our partnership with K-State has been crucial to our ability to do this and it’s exciting that we are shaping the next generation of zoo veterinarians.”
The examination went well and Hasusa is now fully alert in her exhibit. For the safety of both the animal and medical professionals, Hasusa was anesthetized for the entire examination; standard protocol when completing veterinarian procedures on larger, exotic animals. In addition to receiving the normal check-up,
Sunset Zoo’s partnership with
“We are continually grateful for the efforts of Dr. Carpenter and the students at K-State. Our animals and staff benefit daily from their excellent animal care,” said Brian Davoren, zoo curator.
To stay up-to-date with all things WILD, friend the zoo on Facebook or follow on Twitter. Sunset Zoo is located at 2333 Oak Street near the Manhattan High School West Campus. Home to more than 250 animals, Sunset Zoo is accredited by the Association of Zoos & Aquariums and committed to inspiring conservation of our natural world.Top
Order your '150 Year of Kansas Beef' commemorative book!
Dr. Richard Knewtson, Iola, Kan., is the recipient of the 2011 Alumni Recognition presented during the annual Central Veterinary Conference in Kansas City, Mo., held Aug. 27.
Dr. Knewtson earned his DVM in 1968 from K-State. After graduation, he went to work as a staff veterinarian at the Van Der Loo Animal Hospital in Dubuque, Iowa. After working at the animal hospital for three years, he became owner of the Iola Animal Clinic in 1971. He still operates that practice today.
“The award is in recognition of time and effort devoted to advancing the profession of veterinary medicine,” said Dr. Knewtson. “Veterinary medicine has been good to me and I have always tried to be good to veterinary medicine by contributing something back along the way. We are all indebted for our professional training and those mentors who have influenced our professional careers.”
“It’s a real pleasure to recognize Dr. Knewtson for a career that has been so dedicated to animal health in the state of Kansas,” said Ralph Richardson, dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine. “He has been not only an active leader in his community, but an exceptional leader in the state. At a time when rural veterinarians are becoming a rare commodity, Dr. Knewtson stands out as a great role model and inspiration for our students.”
Dr. Knewtson holds memberships to the American Veterinary Medical Association and the Kansas Veterinary Medical Association (KVMA). He held several leadership positions in the KVMA including: SE KVMA district trustee; KVMA trustee-at-large, vice president, president-elect and president. He is currently president of the KVMA Educational Foundation and chair of the KVMA’s Public Relations and State Fair committee. For his career achievements, he was awarded the KVMA Veterinarian of the Year in 2007 and the President’s Award in 1999.
Dr. Knewston and his wife, Janice, have three children: Michelle, Stacey and Trent.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has recently announced that veterinarians who are currently accredited in the National Veterinary Accreditation Program (NVAP) may continue to perform accredited duties and may elect to continue to participate in the NVAP until Oct. 1, 2011.
A previous notice announced that currently accredited veterinarians may continue to perform accredited duties until further notice, even if they had not received a date for their first accreditation renewal, because logistical difficulties prevented APHIS from processing currently accredited veterinarians (over 50,000) who elected to participate.
APHIS is now close to reaching the goal of processing these elections and are specifying Oct. 1 as the date by which veterinarians must elect to continue to participate in the NVAP. The accreditation of all currently accredited veterinarians who have not elected to participate in the program will expire, ending their authorization to perform accredited work.
For accredited veterinarians who have not yet elected to participate and would like to do so, a Web seminar on the revisions to the NVAP and how to elect to participate is available at mms://ocbmtcwmp.usda.gov/content/aphis/aphis21.wmv.
Dr. Chandrasekar Raman, Post Doctoral Fellow, Anatomy and Physiology
Hometown: Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu (India)
Family Information: My wife is planning on doing a master’s degree, and my parents and in-laws are in Tiruchirappalli.
What is your favorite quote? “Small truth has words which are clear, great truth has great silence.” – Rabindranath Tagore
What is your favorite restaurant? I like to order biriyani from the Anjappa Restaurant in India.
What is something you look forward to at the beginning of the day? Pleasant morning — smiling wife with a cup of tea.
What do you find most exciting about starting a new school year? It reminds me of my school days.
If you could have a vacation home, where it would it be? The Taj Mahal, because it is a symbol of love.
What will you remember most about Summer 2011? It was super hot.
Creative people have been inspired by animals for many years. Painters, sculptors, craft makers and other artists have depicted animals in various art forms. The Animals in Society Collection at the Veterinary Medical Library has collected books that show examples of how animal influence artistic endeavors. One of our books, “Story in a Picture Animals in Art ” (ND1380 .R53 1993 AIS) explains various animal works of art from the cave paintings of 15,000 B. C. to modern depictions by Pablo Picasso. Some books in our collection such as “The Art of the Horse” (N7668 .H6 F34 1995 AIS) or “Impressionist Cats & Dogs” (ND1380 .R75 2003 AIS) feature the paintings of specific species, while other books depict art that has been inspired by animals.
For the beginning artist, we have several books that show how to draw animals. Some examples of these are “1-2-3-Draw Dogs” (NC783.8 .D48 2008 AIS), “We Imagine We Draw Animals” (NC780 .D5313 1997 AIS), and “How to Draw Cartoon Baby Animals” (NC1764.8 .A54 H38 2000 AIS). We also have a DVD, “Animal Art Doodle! Drawing Animals” (NC780 .A55 2008 AIS), which is a step-by-step introduction to sketching animals.
If working with fabrics or fiber is a person’s artistic interest, we have several books on knitting. “Knitting with Dog Hair” (TT825 .C78 1997 AIS) shows the mechanics of collecting, preparing and using all the dog hair that can be obtained from some breeds of dogs. If that is too challenging, then examples of how to knit dog garments is shown in “Men Who Knit & the Dogs Who Love Them” (TT825 .M62 2007 AIS). Other fiber art, such as quilting, is shown in several of our books, including “Making Animal Quilts” (TT835 .S625 1986 AIS) and “It’s Quilting Cats and Dogs” (TT835 .A535 2010 AIS). We have other books related to these topics in our Animals in Society Collection and would be happy to help you with your animals and the arts interests.
Please visit the Veterinary Medical Library Web site: www.vet.k-state.edu/depts/library/ for help on this and other subjects.
The cover of the Aug. 15 issue of JAVMA is by Dr. Nick Schroeder, DVM 2002. JAVMA notes Dr. Schroeder drew inspiration for “In Flight II” (18 in by 24 in: graphite) from a photograph of an Arabian mare. He completed the piece in 1999, probably when he was a student at K-State. Dr. Schroeder grew up outside Elkhorn, Neb., where he would go on to following in his mother’s footsteps as a pencil artist. He typically depicts wildlife or draws portraits, and his work has been exhibited in Omaha. Dr. Schroeder is the staff cardiologist at Veterinary Specialists of South Florida in Cooper City.
Congratulations to Tonya Collop, DVM 2007, Shelby Hayden, DVM 2002, Candace Jacobson, DVM 2007, Kendra Rock, DVM 2002, and Justin Voge, DVM 2008! They became board certified theriogenologists in August. There were only 18 people who became board certified.
Dr. Judy Klimek, presented at the meeting of the American Association of Veterinary Anatomists at Cornell University on Aug. 6-8. Her two topics were: “Using a course message board to promote active learning and practical application of content in a veterinary anatomy course” and “Using group exams to enhance learning in gross anatomy.”
Sept. 24: SCAAEP Fall Equine Conference: A Focus on Reproduction*.
Sept. 24: Human-Animal Bond Conference*
Oct. 14: Ophthalmology Conference and Wet Lab*
* More information about Veterinary Medical Continuing Education events can be found at the VMCE Web site.
Seminars start at 3:30P.M. in the Mara Conference Center, 4th Floor, Trotter Hall
Sept. 19: Dr. Scott Brady, University of Illinois, Featured Clarenburg Lecturer
Sept. 26: Naomi Ohta, KSU
Oct. 3: Dr. Gayathri Krishnamoorthy, KSU
Oct. 10: Dr. Philine Wangemann, KSU
Oct. 17: Dr. John Cuppoletti, University of Cincinnati
Oct. 24: Dr. Massaki Tamura, KSU
Oct. 31: Dr. Michael Soares, University of Kansas
Nov. 7: Dr. Andrew Griffith, National Institute of Health
Nov. 14: Dr. Barbara Ehrlich, Yale University
Nov. 21: No Seminar-Student Holiday
Nov. 28: Dr. Nelson Horseman, University of Cincinnati
Dec. 5: Sivasai Balivada, KSU
Seminars start at 3:30P.M. in the Mara Conference Center, 4th Floor, Trotter Hall
Sept. 15: Dr. Lynn E. Hancock, Division of Biology, KSU
Sept. 22: Dr. Tom Mather, University of Rhode Island (to be confirmed)
Sept. 29: Dr. Kara Cooper, MRI Global, Kansas City, Mo.
Oct. 6: Dr. Tonia Von Ohlen, DM/P, KSU
Oct. 13: Dr. Chuck Dodd, US Army Base, Germany, Title: Multidisciplinary response to the E. coli O104 outbreak in Europe
Oct. 20: Dr. Tanja McKay, Arkansas State University, State University
Oct. 27: Dr. Feng Li, South Dakota State University
Nov. 3: Dr. Gayathri Krishnamoorthi, A&P, KSU
Nov. 10: Dr. Govindan Vediyappan, Division of Biology, KSU
Nov. 17: Dr. Stella Y. Lee, Division of Biology, KSU
Dec. 1: Dr. Revathi Govindan, Division of Biology, KSU
Dec. 8: Dr. Wenjun Ma, DM/P, KSU
Dec. 15: Dr. Robert J. Miller, USDA ARS Cattle Fever Tick Research Laboratory, Edinburg, Texas
Cody Marquart, Research Assistant - KSVDL
Marci Ritter, Administrative Assistant - Dean's Office
Dr. Johann Coetzee, Associate Professor - Clinical Sciences
Dr. Kristopher Silver , Post Doc Fellow - Clinical Sciences
Sabra Ortega, Research Assistant, KSVDL
Lifelines is published each month by the Development and Alumni Affairs Office at the College of Veterinary Medicine.
The editors are Joe Montgomery, firstname.lastname@example.org, and Dana Avery, email@example.com.